Conservation agriculture in Algeria

October 31, 2011 at 1:04 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Experimental trial planter made to carry on- farm Direct Drill research”

Conservation agriculture has made impressive advances in Algeria over the last two years. In 2010, the area under conservation agriculture management was 1523 hectares across 8 provinces (Wilayas) in the country. With the use of direct drills, this area increased in 2011, to 5559 hectares of cereals and legumes over 12 Wilayas. Direct drills are versatile seeders that give higher yields with lower costs.

In 2010, the results obtained in the Wilaya of Setif demonstrated that direct drilling gave a grain yield of 2.1 tons/ha in wheat and 2.2 tons/ha in chickpea. The use of conservation agriculture in the Wilaya of Constantine gave an average of 2.5 ton/ha in cereals. Yield levels were 14% and 11 % higher in Constantine and in Setif, respectively. Planting chickpea crops with direct drilling resulted in an increase of 1.2 ton/ha over conventional management in the region of Constantine. The year 2011 witnessed important progress in conservation agriculture, when three out the 12 Wilayas – Oum El Bouaghi with 3105 ha (56%), Constantine with 1109 ha (20%) and Setif with 663% (12%).

Given the impressive increases in yields of crops planted by direct drilling, it is essential that more direct drill seeders are made available to institutes, state farms, as well as private farmers to ensure the expansion of conservation in the vast agro-ecological zones of the country.

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