New durum wheat varieties released in Syria

March 15, 2010 at 10:09 am | Posted in Uncategorized | 3 Comments

Cham 9 in final field trials at ICARDA. Adoption of the new variety is growing rapidly in several provinces in Syria

Syria’s Ministry of Agriculture has released a new durum wheat variety, developed jointly by the General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), the Arab Center for Studies in Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD) and ICARDA. Douma 3 (ACSAD 1229) is suitable for rainfed agriculture in dry areas (corresponding to Stability Zone II). In field trials in four governorates (Dara’a, Hama, Aleppo and Raqqa), it gave consistently better grain quality and disease resistance than the control varieties, with yields 10 to 16% higher.

This follows the release earlier this year of Cham 9 (Douma 41008), targeted at Stability Zone I. Cham 9 gave yields 11-12% higher than the control variety, and in addition, has good morphological characteristics and high levels of disease resistance, particularly to the Ug99 strain of stem rust disease. It is already being grown by farmers in four provinces;  Hassake, Aleppo, Tartous and the El-Ghab region in Hama. It is expected to expand to dry areas in Dara’a and Idleb provinces.



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  1. Congragulations!!!!

    Really it is very interesting news. Because at this, time where most of the wheat varieites became out o production dute the current stem rust problem, it is very important to have new varieites. The additional value is that we have no much varieties of durum as we have for bread wheat, so i am very happy with this news.

    Keep it up in adding more varieties!!!!

  2. That’s very interesting. Can you let me now production, planted acreage and calendar in Syria?
    It’s difficult to find these data in internet.
    Best regards
    Enrica Bruni

  3. Dear i wish to know can we cultivate durum in spite of bread wheat for making flour and flat bread. If not what r the problems.

    Jahangir Khan
    SO, AZRC, Pakistan

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